It's apparently been up since April, but I just stumbled on the Cambridge Genome Trail. Running down the main commercial spine of Cambridge from Harvard to MIT and through much of biotech country (but far enough away from my current office that I didn't see it sooner), the trail consists of large wrap-around banners on lampposts with descriptive text at street level.
The Boston area also has a permanent scale model of the solar system. I don't believe there is an atom or periodic table; perhaps they will show up in the future. Truly Quixotic would be to attempt to model the protein interactome of even a small creature -- too many interactions which are being added to too quickly!